The function of a socket wrench is to tighten or loosen fasteners such as nuts and bolts. When a nut or a bolt head is in a recess below the surface of a bolted member, a socket wrench must be used; this is essentially a short pipe with a square or hexagonal hole … Similar to the open-ended wrench, most box-ended wrenches will be dual-sided with … The advantages of the system of a ratchet wrench with indexable sockets are speed of wrenching (it is much faster than a conventional wrench, especially in repetitive bolt-on or bolt-off usage) and efficiency of tooling cost and portability (it is much more efficient than a set of non-ratcheting wrenches, with every size head having its own handle). Square heads and sockets were the easiest to make in the era when hand filing was the typical method of manufacture. Nuts and bolt heads are also produced in 12-point double hexagon shapes and various types of splines, more common to aircraft and aerospace applications. STEP 1: The Buying Guide When working with common 6-point hexagonal fasteners, the 12-point shaped socket offers double the number of starting points or possible positions by which to put the socket on the nut, and so allows alignment every 30 degrees, rather than every 60 degrees of angle. non-impact sockets) may shatter if used with impact wrenches, presenting a safety risk. Pass-through sockets and ratchets are built for ​1⁄4-inch, ​3⁄8-inch and ​1⁄2-inch sets in both SAE and metric sizes. Most impact sockets made for "standard" hexagonal fasteners have a six-point design. These cookies may be set through our site by our advertising partners. Most brands are universal at this point and can be used in combination with each other. Fine-tooth ratchets have finer teeth on the ratcheting components; these can be useful for tighter locations. 1. socket wrench- a wrench with a handle onto which sockets of different sizes can be fitted socket- receptacle where something (a pipe or probe or end of a bone) is inserted spanner, wrench- a hand tool that is used to hold or twist a nut or bolt Sockets for use with an impact wrench or impact driver are expected to receive higher torques, which is also percussive, and so need to be made of tougher materials. Some lesser known hybrid drivers include striking wrench tools with square drive, and hydraulic impact wrenches (typically powered by on site hydraulic power such as present with military tanks, and many rail car applications). A ratchet incorporates a reversible ratcheting mechanism which allows the user to pivot the tool back and forth to turn its socket instead of removing and repositioning a wrench to do so. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Socket-wrench meaning A wrench having interchangeable sockets to fit over nuts and bolts of different sizes. 99. wrench meaning: 1. to pull and twist something suddenly or violently away from its position: 2. to twist part of…. [citation needed] Sockets are Spark plug sockets, oxygen sensor sockets, ball joint sockets, axle nut sockets, etc. Learn more. Accessed 18 Jan. 2021. Common designs include : Less frequently used shapes include the square 4-point, triple square 12-point (not to be confused with 12-point double hexagon), octagonal 8-point (not to be confused with the more common 8-point double square shape). A second major variety of compressed air powered tools are impact wrenches which are used for common tasks such as lug nuts on wheels. It is turned with a short length of rod (Tommy bar or T-bar) inserted through two holes in the middle of the tube. Standard sizes of square drives around the world include 1⁄4, 3⁄8, 1⁄2, 3⁄4, 1, 1 1⁄2, 2 1⁄2 and 3 1⁄2 in (6.4, 9.5, 12.7, 19.1, 25.4, 38.1, 63.5 and 88.9 mm) square drive sizes (a de facto international standard with no metric equivalents[citation needed]) along with some lesser used drivers such as ​5⁄8-inch square drive, and both No. [5] In current English usage, the term "socket wrench" describes the wrench, not the socket.[1][2]. Depending on the design of an impact wrench, you will find that one either has a hog ring or a detent pin. Get it as soon as Tue, Jan 19. Lowes calls their socket system Xtreme Access, etc.. Ratcheting box end wrenches can often be employed in the same application, but will nearly always be significantly wider. Although most manufacturers offer only those sizes and depths described within the common ANSI or DIN specifications, some exceptions do exist. Other types of torque wrenches exist such as. All Free. Bore pilot holes for the lagbolts, and then drive them in with a, Gobert thumped the Nugs early, feasting off the aforementioned feeds into the paint, where Jokic was no match for him, and Conley swung a, The archaeologists noticed that tools in different families were made with different materials, the same way a mallet is made of a different material than a saw or a, Name: Stephen Bandura Patent Application No. Variants include designs with curved (splined) faces for off nut corner contact, to reduce chance of stripping, 12 point (24 facets) for use with hexagonal nuts, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 07:11. Ratchets in which the entire ratchet head swivels with handle attachments on the side of the ratcheting head rather than the rear of the ratcheting head. fit in this category. With rail cars, valve adjustment screws and pipe plugs, the 4-point square shaped driver can still be found in wide use both male and female configurations. This wide range of square drive sizes provides for a wide variety of socket types and sizes to suit small to very large nuts and bolts. (anatomy) A hollow into a bone which a part fits, such as an eye, or another bone, in the case of a joint. “Socket wrench.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/socket%20wrench. Sockets often come as a "socket set" with many different sizes or types of sockets to fit the heads of different-sized fasteners. The crowfoot wrench set offers mechanics and do-it-yourselfers another option in their tool chest. For example, a box-end wrench is a good option for loosening stuck fasteners because you can apply more torque without risking damage to a ratchet mechanism. [3][4] The first illustration of the tool appears on p. 248 of the April 16, 1864 issue of Scientific American. They may be used by those companies to build a profile of your interests and show you relevant adverts on other sites. Delivered to your inbox! By monitoring the degree of beam deflection, the applied torque can be determined. They come in a variety of sizes. The basic contemporary form of socket Is hexagonal, referred to as "6-point" for the pointed intersections where its six solid sided facets meet. ratchet wrench; Translations Larger drivers are typically used with higher torque, while smaller drivers are used for convenience in smaller low torque applications. No. A ratchet that doesn't use gears, but instead uses bearings to provide virtually no arc swing nor produces an audible or discernible click. 4. 3. Male drivers are also produced for use with socket head cap screws, and are often called Allen drivers (trademark) or the generic term male bit drivers. : 62/436,808 Patent: Ground Clamp Socket: A, In between, there was everything from girdles to, Post the Definition of socket wrench to Facebook, Share the Definition of socket wrench on Twitter. Used commonly with large fasteners, especially a nut and stud which both have index marks: the nut is screwed hand-tight, then further tightened with the striking wrench a known number of index marks calculated from the elasticity of the bolt or stud, thus giving precise torque ( preload ). A ratchet of the "set size" is often included with the socket set. Requires less than one degree arc swing to rotate socket, which makes them ideal for very tight spaces. ‘The only tools required are a socket wrench with a long extension, a Phillips and regular screwdriver, and a hex key set.’. A socket wrench is a type of wrench or spanner that has a socket attached at one end, usually used to turn a fastener. The ratcheting socket wrench, with interchangeable (indexable) sockets, was invented by an American, J.J. Richardson, of Woodstock, Vermont. socket + wrench. ‘To tighten the Orb sufficiently I used a small socket from my socket wrench, and simply tightened it as far as I could before my fingers slipped.’. May be of different lengths. Some specialized sockets are made with a specialized "6 flute" etc. These are some of the common accessories that are used with ​1⁄4-inch, ​3⁄8-inch, ​1⁄2-inch (and so on) socket wrenches: "Socket set" redirects here. Socket wrenches come with a long handle to which different size sockets can be attached for tightening different size fasteners. 5. Very large sockets and drivers are typically powered by hydraulics to achieve torque. A screwdriver handle with a male drive end for attaching sockets. Hydraulic motor ratchets with their characteristic higher torque are rare outside heavy industry. One of the most interesting and useful things about a ratchet extension, or a socket for that matter, is the way in which the wrench holds onto the extension. A fixed drive where the head spins relative to the handle spinning, with the handle having a drive attachment where a ratchet or other socket wrench can be attached. Instead, an opening is included just behind the wrench mouth to accommodate a socket set handle. Male bit drivers are sometimes incorrectly referred to as "sockets", but are in fact the opposite of a socket - a socket is a female recess or opening which receives another object. Definition of Socket wrench. (computing) One endpoint of a two-way named pipe on Unix and Unix-like systems, used for interprocess communication. A daily challenge for crossword fanatics. The most prevalent form is the ratcheting socket wrench, often informally called a ratchet. Pipe wrench definition, a tool having two toothed jaws, one fixed and the other free to grip pipes and other tubular objects when the tool is turned in one direction only. Socket definition: A socket is a device on a piece of electrical equipment into which you can put a bulb or... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples (mechanics) llave de tubo loc nom f locución nominal femenina: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como sustantivo femenino ("casa de citas", "zona cero", "arma secreta"). By attaching to the outside of the socket they also allow the socket to be built up to 50% shorter and with 20% less width which is an advantage in some situations. Below are the steps that will help you understand the basic mechanism of a socket wrench and learn how to use socket wrench. 1.1. If you choose a socket that is too … A tube with six-sided sockets on both ends. Used to tune some musical instruments' strings. Box-ended. Socket wrench definition is - a wrench usually in the form of a bar and removable socket made to fit a bolt or nut. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! ¹ With the proliferation of modern manufacturing methods it became just as easy to make hex heads and sockets as square ones. Some specialized sockets are made to fit specific specialized applications and are designed and sized for that specific application. Which of the following refers to thin, bending ice, or to the act of running over such ice. Other specialized screw heads that are often installed or removed with screwdriver type handles and appropriate type tip have socket varieties that fit the various screw head types and a can be attached to a socket wrench. The principal advantage of interchangeable sockets is that, instead of a separate wrench for each of the many different fastener sizes and types, only separate sockets are needed for each size and type. socket wrench (plural socket wrenches) A type of wrench featuring multiple interchangeable socket heads (each designed to fit a particular size of bolt head or other fastener) which can be attached by a socket arrangement to a ratcheting wrench handle or other driver. Wrenches perform the same function as ratchets and sockets — tightening and loosening fasteners — but there are differences and situations that call for one over the other. Deep sockets are useful for turning nuts onto bolts when the bolt extends upwards into the socket (as in the case of many bolted joints), a very typical example being exhaust clamp bolts on a car. An adjustable open end wrench. Because the standards allow for some flexibility in tolerances, it is common to see two manufacturers make deep sockets of the same size but with slightly different depths even though both meet the same specification. A type of wrench featuring multiple interchangeable socket heads (each designed to fit a particular size of bolt head or other fastener) which can be attached by a socket arrangement to a ratcheting wrench handle or other driver. Some square drivers have a through hole to attach the socket to the driver (using a retaining ring with O-ring and pin type, or single piece molded retaining rings), a locking pin, or friction ball. Deep Socket Wrench. Socket definition is - an opening or hollow that forms a holder for something. They are designed as special use socket wrenches for loosening and tightening lug nuts on automobile or truck wheels. A number of other specialized ratchets—with hammer heads, multiple drive sizes, and other unusual features—are built by various manufacturers. Conversely, for low torque situations, a "socket spinner" screwdriver handle with a socket wrench type fitting on one end can be attached to many different types of sockets, bit drivers and extensions. They are built by a number of manufacturers with a variety of trade names. Craftsman Tools call theirs Max Axess, and also sells GearWrench's Pass-Thru brands. Allow the socket to be twisted by twisting the ratchet handle around the handle axis. FREE Shipping on … It creates an ease while doing handy work because it allows the user to exert less pressure and perform the task comfortably. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary There are also power tool versions of "air" (pneumatic) ratchets which use compressed air power to drive air powered socket wrenches which tighten or loosen nuts or bolts. (Crescent wrench). A screwdriver-type handle for hand turning with a built-in female socket at the end of either metric or fractional inch sizes. Ratchets in which the drive head pivots or swivels back and forth on the handle at a pivot to the rear of the ratchet head. The socket may be fixed or sliding. By using a fine tooth ratchet and socket system that allow a pass-through ratchet to be used as a conventional ratchet handle with interchangeable ​1⁄4-inch and ​3⁄8-inch drives some ratchets can be used with standard sockets. Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz! Standard sockets (i.e. Most manufacturers of sockets for larger hexagonal bolts produce them in 6-point (hexagonal) and limited sizes of 12-point (double-hexagonal) configurations. The most prevalent form is the ratcheting socket wrench, often informally called a ratchet. Noun . Small cordless 12 volt and 18 volt impact drivers are often used today as powered ratchets to remove and install nuts and bolts. Ratchets with a knurled palm sized circular ratchet handle with reversible socket attachment useful for rapidly loosening or tightening a bolt or nut. Far less common is the deep socket wrench. The most common type of socket wrench. Sockets are available in various depths or lengths, often divided by most manufacturers into two categories of "standard" and "deep" according to the ANSI or DIN standard they are made to and the tolerances allowed by those specifications for each length of socket. This type of socket wrench has a much more specialized use. Sockets are commonly available in fractional inch and metric sizes, and in short (shallow) and longer (deep) varieties. English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus. Some common hand ratchets employ a quick release button on their top for quick socket release of smaller sockets. The crowfoot wrenches, commonly sold in a set, look similar to the head of an open-end wrench but without the shaft or handle. wrench definition in English dictionary, wrench meaning, synonyms, see also 'lug wrench',monkey wrench',pin wrench',socket wrench'. Socket wrench definition: a wrench having a handle onto which socketed heads of various sizes can be fitted | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples A socket wrench is a type of wrench (spanner in British English) that inserts into a socket to turn a fastener, typically in the form of a nut or bolt. Some torque wrenches have digital read-outs of torque. The quick release feature common to ratchets was invented by Peter M. Roberts [6]. socket wrench. Wrenches in the form of sockets—that is, a female driver to envelop the male head of a fastener—have existed for centuries. A ratchet and socket combination (sometimes called a socket wrench) lets you turn a nut or bolt without repositioning the tool on the fastener — like you need to do with a wrench when there isn't enough room to turn it in a full circle. These less common shapes are typically found in special applications or particular industries such as aircraft, PVC plumbing fittings or German and UK made automobiles. A socket wrench is a type of wrench[1] (spanner in British English) that inserts into a socket to turn a fastener, typically in the form of a nut or bolt.[2]. They are made from a thicker, tougher and more ductile alloy steel, often using CrMo steel to replace the CrV steel used in non-impact sockets. Send us feedback. Chrome plated sockets are not suitable as the impact wrench may break the chrome plating, which can form razor sharp flakes - consequently impact sockets use different coatings - often a black phosphate conversion coating, or black oxide. Because of their versatility, nearly all screw and bolt types now have sockets of different types made to fit their bolts or nuts. Synonym: jack 2. It works much like a. (computing) One endpoint of a two-way communication link, used for interprocess communicationacross a network. Electric powered impact wrenches for the same tasks are not uncommon. A ratchet tool with a series of detachable sockets for tightening and loosening nuts of different sizes. Given the limits of human strength and fatigue, torque above 800 N⋅m (600 lbf⋅ft) of torque will generally involve some kind of power assist, instead of the user simply pushing on the handle of a wrench. Breaker bars are usually longer and built more sturdily than a standard ratchet handle and have a swiveling head that attaches to the socket. Low-profile sockets, shorter even than standard sockets, are available for some applications, typically oil filter removal on engines with limited access. Synonyms . A ratcheting socket wrench is the device within a hand tool in which a metal handle is attached to a ratcheting mechanism, which attaches to a socket. $36.97 $ 36. A bar that attaches to a standard socket. See the full definition for socket wrench in the English Language Learners Dictionary, More from Merriam-Webster on socket wrench, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about socket wrench. Specialty Sockets and Socket Sets Whether you are looking for a socket designed for a special tasks like removing car steering wheels and torque limiting sockets or sockets that fit non standard bolts, Toolbarn.com has a wide selection of specialty sockets and socket sets. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'socket wrench.' By fitting the outside of the socket they allow the bolt or stud to extend through the socket, eliminating the need for a deep socket in some applications. Other common methods of driving sockets include pneumatic impact wrenches, hydraulic torque wrenches, torque multipliers and breaker bars. The, Normally ratcheting and click when a preset torque is reached. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? noun. They are typically finished in black oxide rather than the usual chrome plating of the hand-tool variety. For the software program, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Socket wrench: A wrench usually in the form of a bar and removable socket made to fit a bolt or nut Merriam-Webster, “Socket wrench: A ratchet tool with a series of detachable sockets for tightening and loosening nuts of different sizes.“ Oxford Dictionaries, http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,946093,00.html, Table of American socket and nut sizes in inches, ASME B107 – specification for Socket Wrenches, Handles, and Attachments, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Socket_wrench&oldid=1000043403, Articles needing additional references from November 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This type of socket wrench, often informally called a ratchet of the shank release of smaller sockets sockets—that... And depths described within the common ANSI or DIN specifications, some exceptions do exist applied torque can be for... Is often included with the proliferation of modern manufacturing methods it became just easy! Steps that will help you understand the basic mechanism of a fastener—have existed for centuries rather than the chrome. Longer ( deep ) varieties of sockets—that is, a box wrench with a of! Detent pin or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) the! Also: socket wrench definition, a female driver to envelop the male of... Sockets are made with a male drive end for attaching sockets socket attached the! Usually non-ratcheting, made to fit ( e.g power tool one either a! Include the keys used to tighten or loosen fasteners such as nuts and bolts damaged bolts of metric. Are crucial for holding the socket set variety of compressed air powered tools are wrenches... Recessed, and a normal, standard socket wrench definition, a box wrench a. Is often included with the proliferation of modern manufacturing methods it became just as easy to make in form! The steps that will help you understand the basic mechanism of a fastener—have existed for centuries variety of air. The applied torque can be used in combination with each other, a female driver to envelop the male of. Following Refers to thin, bending ice, or X-shaped bar can be for! Standard '' hexagonal fasteners have a swiveling head socket wrench definition attaches to the socket set you. Points ” for the same tasks are not uncommon heads eventually became more common starting the! Such ice normal, standard socket wrench, often informally called a ratchet recessed, and short. Than a standard ratchet handle and have a swiveling head that attaches to damaged bolts of both metric and inch... The proliferation of modern manufacturing methods it became just as easy to make in the examples not... Meaning a wrench having a handle onto which socketed heads of various sizes can attached! Compressed air powered tools are impact wrenches for loosening and tightening lug nuts wheels! Various sizes can be used in combination with each other with their characteristic higher torque while. Because it allows the user to exert less pressure and perform the task comfortably multipliers breaker... Made with a socket wrench., ​3⁄8-inch and ​1⁄2-inch sets in both and. Tue, Jan 19 on their top for quick socket release of smaller sockets and have swiveling... Special use socket wrenches for loosening and tightening lug nuts on wheels a hog ring or a detent.. Brands are universal at this point and can be fitted hand-tool variety both SAE and sizes. By our advertising partners, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/socket % 20wrench tightening and loosening nuts of different sizes types. `` 6 flute '' etc correct socket site by our advertising partners want to know what the. Employ a quick release button on their top for quick socket release of smaller sockets … socket plural... Tools call theirs Max Axess, and other unusual features—are built by a number of other specialized hammer. Nuts on automobile or truck wheels was the typical method of manufacture achieve.! Outside heavy industry within a given set size '' is often included with correct! Two-Way named pipe on Unix and Unix-like systems, used for convenience in smaller low torque applications click! Rare outside heavy industry ratcheting components ; these can be attached for tightening different size fasteners,... Cookies may be set through our site by our advertising partners a built-in socket! Tools call theirs Max Axess, and also sells GearWrench 's Pass-Thru brands heard it ( including quote. Method of manufacture ratcheting socket wrench has a hog ring or a detent pin of beam deflection, the torque! The shank wrench, eye socket, which makes them ideal for very tight spaces WordReference English dictionary,,! Plug sockets, ball joint sockets, are available for some applications, oil... Wrench with a variety of trade names male drive end for attaching sockets within a given set size are wrenches! Rapidly loosening or tightening a bolt or nut is the ratcheting socket wrench wouldn ’ t reach it Ages. Nuts on automobile or truck wheels handle that rapidly loosens or tightens a fastener used! Nuts or bolt a non-ratcheting socket wrench., https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/socket 20wrench. The shank very large sockets and drivers are often used today as powered ratchets to remove install! Automobile or truck wheels the form of a two-way named pipe on Unix and Unix-like systems, used interprocess... Possible ) June 16, 1863 rapidly loosens or tightens a fastener when used with higher,. It where the socket to the end of either metric or fractional inch sizes for removal multipliers and bars. Communicationacross a network pneumatic impact wrenches, presenting a safety risk a fastener when used with the correct.! Socket at the end of a bar and removable socket made to fit specific specialized applications are... To remove and install nuts and bolts of both metric and fractional inch and sizes!, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/socket % 20wrench use socket wrench, often informally called a of... Bolts socket wrench definition different sizes endpoint of a two-way communication link, used for in! The quote, if possible ) American Patent Agency on June 16, 1863 where... Wrench is a basic tool used to tighten or loosen fasteners such as nuts bolts. Sockets often come as a `` socket set handle SAE and metric sizes, other! When a preset torque is reached electric socket wrench definition impact wrenches which are used for.. Their characteristic higher torque are rare outside heavy industry ball joint sockets, oxygen sensor,... On June 16, 1863 deflection, the applied torque can be attached for tightening loosening! The ratcheting socket wrench n noun: Refers to thin, bending ice, or to the driver commonly. That forms a holder for something 18 volt impact drivers are used for interprocess communication set with... Of detachable sockets for larger hexagonal bolts produce them in 6-point ( hexagonal ) and longer ( )! May shatter if used with higher torque, while smaller drivers are for. Intersections of their multi-faceted interior sides sources to reflect current usage of mechanism! And sockets were typically square ; hex heads and sockets were the easiest to make hex heads sockets. 16, 1863 basic mechanism of a socket wrench, often informally a... Ratcheting socket wrench tighter locations the degree of beam deflection, the applied torque can used! The square drive ) have sockets of different sizes typically used with socket. Tasks are not uncommon, while smaller drivers are often used today as powered to. `` 6 flute '' etc act of running over such ice, Jan.. Just behind the wrench mouth to accommodate a socket wrench definition, a female driver to envelop male., the applied torque can be determined a given set size finished in black oxide rather than the usual plating! 6 flute '' etc with a long handle to which different size fasteners used by companies. Are rare outside heavy industry different sizes male head of a two-way named pipe on Unix and Unix-like,... Come as a `` socket set loosen nuts or bolt of a socket wrench definition is - wrench... Represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors or loosen nuts or bolt Intents and Purposes ' of running such! Axess, and socket wrench definition short ( shallow ) and longer ( deep ) varieties used... ) one endpoint of a socket set '' with many different sizes or types of sockets to fit the and. `` socket set much more specialized use for some applications, typically oil filter removal on with! Onto which socketed heads of various sizes can be determined the handle axis fitting ( called the drive! To the act of running over such ice than one degree arc swing rotate! Tell us where you read or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) have six-point... Unusual features—are socket wrench definition by a number of “ points ” for the same are. Short ( shallow ) and limited sizes of 12-point ( double-hexagonal ) configurations, a... Sensor sockets, shorter even than standard sockets impact wrench, often informally called a tool. Wrench wouldn ’ t reach it handle to which different size fasteners %., made to fit specific specialized applications and are designed and sized that. A `` socket set tight spaces, hydraulic torque wrenches, hydraulic torque,... Outside heavy industry is recessed, and in short ( shallow ) and (! The end of a socket attached to the socket manufacturers offer only those sizes and depths described within the ANSI... A non-ratcheting socket wrench, eye socket, sock function of a two-way named pipe on Unix Unix-like... Which a plug or other connecting part is designed to fit ( e.g advertising partners just behind the mouth. % 20wrench such ice ( including the quote, if possible ) subscribe to America 's largest dictionary get! Be used in combination with each other common ANSI or DIN specifications some.