Orion’s Belt is one of the most familiar asterisms in the night sky, along with the Big Dipper and the Southern Cross. It lies 88 light years from earth. Crux is a constellation centred on four stars in the southern sky in a bright portion of the Milky Way. This aquatic theme is also shared by an archaic name of the constellation in Vietnam, where it was once known as sao Cá Liệt (the ponyfish star). Asked by masfon.  So it is not surprising that the constellations and celestial objects have different names and different interpretations placed on them among the various tribes spread across the length and breadth of the continent. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flags_depicting_the_Southern_Cross.  The Kalapalo people of Mato Grosso state in Brazil saw the stars of Crux as Aganagi angry bees having emerged from the Coalsack, which they saw as the beehive. How many stars has the australian flag mathew j curtis australian flag powerpoint ation mathew j curtis european union stars png the southern Why Is The Southern Cross Diffe In Australia And Nz Flag QuoraThe Crux Of Issue With A New Australian FlagA Flag For AustraliaUnder The Southern Cross CsiroscopeThe Southern Cross Australian FlagWhy Is… In fact, stars are featured on the flags of 59 independent states, and are also used by governmental and non-governmental organizations. The oldest known flag to show the stars arranged as they are seen in the sky is the Anti-Transportation League Flag, which is similar in design to the present National Flag. However, the precession of the equinoxes gradually lowered the stars below the European horizon, and they were eventually forgotten by the inhabitants of northern latitudes.  The Bakairi people of Brazil had a sprawling constellation representing a bird snare. Crux also contains the bright and colourful open cluster known as the Jewel Box (NGC 4755) on its western border. In 1516, Corsali wrote a letter to the monarch describing his observations of the southern sky, which included a rather crude map of the stars around the south celestial pole including the Southern Cross and the two Magellanic Clouds seen in an external orientation, as on a globe. , The Southern Cross (α, β, γ and δ Crucis) together with μ Crucis is one of the asterisms used by Bugis sailors for navigation, called bintoéng bola képpang, meaning "incomplete house star", The Māori name for the Southern Cross is Māhutonga and it is thought of as the anchor (Te Punga) of Tama-rereti's waka (the Milky Way), while the Pointers are its rope. For instance, it is visible from Cancun or any other place at latitude 25° N or less at around 10 pm at the end of April. While there is a star near the South Celestial Pole, Sigma Octantis, it’s too dim to do you much good for finding south. Guitar Ukulele Piano new. In Quechua, the language of the Inca civilization, Crux is known as "Chakana", which means literally "stair" (chaka, bridge, link; hanan, high, above), but carries a deep symbolism within Quechua mysticism. Acrux is at -63° declination, which makes the star invisible to most northern observers. Vectors. The Coalsack is known as Humu (the "triggerfish"), because of its shape.  Others argue that Dante's description was allegorical, and that he almost certainly did not know about the constellation. Although known as a cross, it really looks more like a kite, clearly outlined by four bright stars.  The Tswana people of Botswana saw the constellation as Dithutlwa, two giraffes – Alpha and Beta Crucis forming a male, and Gamma and Delta forming the female. The Australian Flag is a defaced British Blue Ensign: It has 5 stars which represent the Southern Cross and in the 1901 version the number of sides in each star represented the relative brightness of each star.  The constellation was later adopted by Jakob Bartsch in 1624 and Augustin Royer in 1679. Crux is sometimes confused with the nearby False Cross by stargazers. These flags, and many others such as the Eureka Flag (which came into use at the Eureka Stockade in 1854), featured stars representing the Southern Cross. The two stars that make up the cross's long axis are the pointer stars. , Another early modern description clearly describing Crux as a separate constellation is attributed to Andrea Corsali, an Italian navigator who from 1515–1517 sailed to China and the East Indies in an expedition sponsored by King Manuel I. Acrux, Alpha Crucis (α Cru), is a multiple star system located in the constellation Crux. Sirius A and Vega, though much brighter, also are dwarf stars; their higher temperatures yield a larger rate of emission per unit area. It should have been placed at the intersection of the stem and the cross-bar. Symbolism: Crux is also known as ‘The Southern Cross’ History & Mythology The smallest constellation of all in the celestial sphere, sitting between the legs of constellation Centaurus, Crux is very distinctive due to it’s 4 very bright main stars. But, if you’re in the Southern Hemisphere, you can indeed use the Southern Cross – also known as the constellation Crux – to find celestial south. Torres Strait Islanders in modern-day Australia saw Gamma Centauri as the handle and the four stars as the trident of Tagai's Fishing Spear. The field of the flag was white with a red cross, and its canton was blue with a red cross quartering four stars. The Australian, Papua New Guinean and Samoan flags all show five stars, while the New Zealand and Tokelau flags only show the four main stars. that shine the brightest as viewed from the Earth, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Friends of the former German Protectorates, Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of the Southern Cross, "Interstellar Na I D lines towards the Southern Coalsack", "Southern Cross Railway Station, Victoria – Railway Technology", May sky guide: The Eta Aquarid meteor shower, constellations and planets, "Māori Dictionary; Waka o Tama-rereti, Te", Andrea Corsali – Letter to Giuliano de Medici, 1516 showing the Southern Cross, Letter of Andrea Corsali 1516–1989: with additional material, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crux&oldid=999247808, Articles needing additional references from January 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 06:04. The five stars that make up the Southern Cross - Alpha, Beta (also known as Mimosa), Delta, Gamma and Epsilon Crucis - are 10 to 20 million years old. The closest is 88 light-years from Earth, the furthest 364 light-years away. national flag consisting of a blue field with the Union Jack in the canton and four stars, forming the Southern Cross constellation, at the fly end. The Big Dipper is also useful for finding other stars. 1. Chords. Down to apparent magnitude +2.5 are 92 stars that shine the brightest as viewed from the Earth. However, by the year 14,000 Crux will be visible for most parts of Europe and continental United States which will extend to North Europe by the year 18,000 as it will be less than 30 degrees south declination. The Crux in the flag of New Zealand, therefore, has four stars instead of five. 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