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Retinal disorders and spots (AMD)

At our Centre, we offer diagnosis and treatment of spots and other retinal disorders, which includes qualifying of patients for retinal detachment treatments, vitrectomy surgery, and administration of anti-VEGF injections for retinal diseases. To this aim, we conduct a series of tests, including:

OCT (optical coherence tomography) – a modern technique of imaging cross-sections of eye tissues, particularly those of the retina and the optic nerve head. The examination allows for rapid detection of ailments such as degenerative changes resulting from spots, glaucoma, diabetes or tumours. Conducting the test regularly allows for monitoring the progression of an illness. The examination is non-invasive, painless, and doesn't require any preparation on the part of the patient.

Pan-fundoscopy is an examination of the perimeter of the retina, for the purpose of eliminating or confirming the presence of degenerative changes, which may create a predisposition to retinal detachment. In the case of their detection, further laser therapy of these changes is recommended, and sometimes surgical procedures.

USG of the eyeball, allowing for an assessment of the state of the retina, vitreous body, and the vitreous-retinal perimeter.

Diseases other than cataracts and glaucoma, which can lead to a loss of eyesight, include AMD.

AMD (age-related macular degeneration) is a disease which causes damage to the macula of the retina, and often leads to an irreversible loss of eyesight. The macula is located in the central portion of the retina (in the rear part of the eye) and is responsible for high-acuity vision. AMD most often affects people over 50 years of age. There are many factors that can create a predisposition to the development of this disease, including: age, genetic factors, a bad diet, smoking, far-sightedness and blue eye colour.

There are two types of AMD:

Dry AMD (about 80% of cases) is a milder form, which initially does not impair the vision to a great extent, and may sometimes even be unnoticeable by the patient. There is currently no effective treatment for this form of AMD.

Exudative (wet) AMD (about 20% of cases) is a more dangerous form, and is based on the formation of abnormal blood vessels beneath the retina, in the area of the macula. Exudations from these blood vessels leads to swelling, and consequently to destruction of the visual receptors. Currently there are methods available for preventing the development of this disease, which include intravitreal injections with anti-VEGF preparations.

What should worry you?

If you observe unclear visual perception of object shapes and colours in yourself, a dark spot in the centre of your field of vision, or waviness of straight lines (Amsler test), go see an ophthalmologist as soon as possible!

Remember – the sooner you take the appropriate actions, the better you'll protect you eyesight.

There are now methods available to halt the development of this serious disease.

Ophthalmologists administer intravitreal injections (injections into the eyeball), using various medicinal preparations.

At the Cracow Zooptica Ophthalmology Centre, we use two preparations:

  • Bayer Eylea
  • Novartis Lucentis

One of the examinations which allow for rapid detection of AMD, and subsequent monitoring of the progression of the disease, is OCT (optical coherence tomography). It is available at our ophthalmology centre.

Other diseases of the macula: maculopathy in the course of diabetes, or maculopathy in a blood clot in the vein of the central retina can also sometimes call for anti-VEGF injections.