This helps create jobs in the state, and 30.60% of … Distribution Caribou live in the arctic tundra, mountain tundra, and northern forests of North America, Russia, and Scandinavia. A helpful resource for the volcano lover or say, researcher. Alaska lies at the extreme northwest of the North American continent and is the largest peninsula in the Western Hemisphere. Aside from its mainland peninsula, the state includes about 15,000 square miles (38,800 square km) of fjords and inlets and about 34,000 miles (54,400 km) of indented tidal coastline. [1,14], 4. Alaskan culture may not immediately appear different than the other 48 states, yet the state’s outdoorsy inhabitants engage in a range of activities which are unique to Alaska. Upon attaining statehood, Alaska increased the size of the United States by nearly one-fifth. 1. Did you know that AK ranks first in acres of forested land? People followed the herds of animal they hunted. One of the major conflicts occurred in the late 1960s and early 1970s between conservationists and petroleum companies over the proposed Trans-Alaska Pipeline, which now runs from the oil-rich North Slope on the Arctic Ocean to Valdez, in the south. The Alaska willow ptarmigan is the state bird of Alaska. Alaska is known for its largely undeveloped land, mountains, glaciers, harsh climate and biodiversity. The other four are Delaware, Montana, Oregon, and New Hampshire. Alaska is home to the largest fishing industry in the United States. In the area, AK is greater than California, Texas and Montana combined. Visitors from around the globe flock to Alaska to see these wolves in their natural habitat. The Auke and Tuku tribes of native Tlingit Indians fished along the Gastineau Channel near Juneau … Nearly one-third of the state lies within the Arctic Circle, and about four-fifths of Alaska is underlain by permafrost (permanently frozen sediment and rock). Did you know that the humpback whales travel 3,100 miles (with little to no rest) during their annual migration? Vitus Bering, a Dane working for the Russians, and Alexei Chirikov discovered the Alaskan mainland and the Aleutian Islands in 1741. The capital is Juneau, which lies in the southeast, in the panhandle region. They weigh up to 1,500 pounds.[10,17]. 31. Alaska has more than 130 active volcanoes, most of which are on the Aleutian Islands and the adjacent Alaska Peninsula. 12. Mature females average 175-225 pounds (80-120 kg). Apart from playing a vital role for maintaining a healthy ecosystem, these wolves are an important resource for Alaska’s tourism sector. This means "the mainland" or "the object towards which the action of the sea is directed." CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Iditarod trail Sled Dog Race recalls a 1925 medical mission in which a relay of 20 dog teams carried medicine 674 miles in 127 hours to halt a deadly diphtheria epidemic in Nome. The volcanic ash spit by these volcanoes can bring an airplane down in a matter of a few minutes. They produce complex sounds that are similar to a musical piece. At the time of European contact by the Russian explorers, the area was populated by Alaska Native groups. The history of Alaska dates back to the Upper Paleolithic period (around 14,000 BC), when foraging groups crossed the Bering land bridge into what is now western Alaska. Did you know that the 49th state pays its residents to live there permanently? [8], 22. Humpbacks are also known for their ability to sing. Alaska’s eastern border with Canada is about 1,538 miles (2,475 km) long, more than one-third the length of the entire U.S. boundary with Canada (3,987 miles [6,416 km]). Alaska’s western maritime boundary, separating the waters of the United States and Russia, was established in the Treaty of Cession of 1867 (which declared the transfer of Alaska from Russia to the United States). By the early 1900’s, the territory of Alaska was already rich with natural resource discoveries, including coal, gold and other minerals. [30,31], 8. Of the 20 highest peaks in the United States, 17 are in Alaska. Alaska hosts 13 national … [6], 19. The name "Alaska" derives from the Aleut word Alaxsxaq (also spelled Alyeska), meaning "mainland" (literally, "the object toward which the action of the sea is directed"). The average temperature during the year in AK is 32.03 degrees Fahrenheit. Because the 180th meridian passes through the state’s Aleutian Islands, Alaska’s westernmost portion is in the Eastern Hemisphere. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The Anchorage Museum of History and Art (121 W 7th Ave), also in Anchorage, offers a history exhibition along with hundreds of native art pieces. [1], 2. These early hunter-gatherers dispersed, eventually becoming three distinct groups: Aleut, Eskimo, and Indian.Ages passed before overseas voyagers rediscovered Alaska. Denali (Mount McKinley) in Alaska is the highest mountain peak (20,310 feet) of the United States and North America. [28,29] Thus, technically, Alaska is in both hemispheres. Barrow, the northernmost city in the United States, has two months of continuous darkness in winter and three months of continuous sunlight in the summer. The world population is about 5 million. In combination with British Columbia’s Great Bear Rainforest immediately to the south, it encompasses the largest intact temperate rainforest on earth.[35]. 26. It is larger than the smallest state (Rhode Island) in the United States. [2], 29. The population near the coast of Alaska migrates to Hawaii and the population in California migrates to Mexico and Costa Rica. Alaska lies at the extreme northwest of the North American continent, and the Alaska Peninsula is the largest peninsula in the Western Hemisphere. The state’s capital is Juneau. It is also the third longest river in North America. Off the extreme western end of the state’s Seward Peninsula, Little Diomede Island, part of Alaska, lies in the Bering Strait only 2.5 miles (4 km) from Russian-owned Big Diomede Island. It was also known as the Great Race of Mercy and The Serum Run. Rimming the state on the south is one of Earth’s most-active earthquake belts, the circum-Pacific seismic belt. Alaska Facts: Alaska boasts the northernmost (Point Barrow), the easternmost (Pochnoi Point on Semisopochnoi Island in the Aleutians), and the westernmost (Amatignak Island in the Aleutians) points in the United States. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students and new Hampshire was was! 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